Madurese Folktales “Mutiara yang Terserak”
Cerita-cerita dalam “Madurese Folktales”, merupakan kumpulan cerita rakyat Sumenep, Madura, yang terkumpul dalam buku “Mutiara yang Terserak” (Rumah Literasi Sumenep, 2017). Cerita-cerita ini kemudian diterjemahkan ke dalam Bahasa Inggris oleh Hero Patrianto dari Balai Bahasa Jawa Timur (The Language Center of East Java), Indonesia, sebagai usaha menyebarkan nilai-nilai kearifan lokal Madura ke sejumlah benua, dan diharapkan nantinya cerita rakyat atau legenda bisa dibaca dan dipahami oleh semua kalangan masyarakat.
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The arid condition of Madura island barely provides water. A long time ago, wells were dug hundreds of metres for water in the valley and mountainside, but only few spouted out water. Some holes were open without any water. In fact, the wells that had water would run dry when the drought came.
In a small village in Maddupote—an area between Batang-Batang and Batuputih—there lived a husband and wife, Mattali and Sunima. They led a loving life despite not having any children in their old age. They had been married for twenty five years, but no child was born to bring more joy and completeness in their life. Sunima tirelessly prayed and fasted to ask God for a child. So did Mattali. He even willingly went to some shamans for help so that they would have a baby soon. He had done all the advice, from the simplest to the most difficult one such as sleeping out in Rongkorong Hill forty days, but with no success.
Moh. Rasul Mauludi
In the east of Madura island, in Sapeken to be precise, there exists a historical trace of a small island but the biggest one among the other neighboring islands. Its name is Sepanjang. The island has a long tale which is the origin of Tembhuk Olo-Olo.
A long time ago, in Makassar area, South Sulawesi, there lived a king who had to leave his kingdom to perform a duty. The assigned duty would take him a long time that he had to leave his wife. Before leaving his palace, the king talked to the queen, “My dear wife, if you get pregnant after my departure, the baby will not be mine.” The queen remained silent and nodded.
For the people of Bandungan, Rama Kae is a figure of humble, authoritative, religious, and misterious man. His presence often became a role model for many people. He had an excellent moral character. He spoke wisely and never showed hatred and envious feelings or any other negative feeling. He was consistenly devout and always asked people to be religious. In addition, he did many irrational things that amazed people.
That tall and bright-skinned man who enjoyed wearing a robe, later on, became the cause of the Bandungan people existence. Therefore, we, the Bandungan people, feel obliged not only to remember him and tell stories about him to the next generation, but also to preserve his precious heritages in the form of either the tangible or intangible ones (science and ethics).
Around 16th century, presumably during the reign of Pangeran Lor II, there lived a kiai named Mahfud, also widely known as Gurang Garing. He was a religious and authoritative figure. Kiai Mahfud was the fifth generation of Sunan Kudus’s descendants or the third generation of Sayyid Baidhawi Katandur’s. He lived in a remote place in the northeast part of Sumenep, about 12 km away from the regency’s center.
The place was so beautiful. Coconut trees grew tall with their leaves slowly waving; banana trees made a line; and, other kinds of plants joined to decorate the scenery and amplify the harmonious atmosphere which would attract people to return to this place.
Natives of Sumenep have learnt the legend of Jokotole by heart. They cherish the excessively dramatic and heroic story that is rich in misteries. The legend has been recounted from one generation to the next that one needs to retell the story in a more exciting way and make it into a book so that the next generation will never forget the important pieces in the early days of Sumenep.
Jokotole was born to a beautiful golden-skinned princess who lived in seclusion to meditate. In her solitude, she was only accompanied by a lady-in-waiting who served as her personal attendant. One night, during her meditation, the princess fell asleep in the middle of pitch darkness, under the stars that constantly twinkled. She dreamed about a brawny and handsome gentleman.
Prince Saccadiningrat was crowned the King of Sumenep. His good-looking, fine, and charismatic countenance sparked sympathy in abundance. The people respected and obeyed their king. King Saccadiningrat and his queen endeavored to be just and respected leaders who could lead their people to the most prosperous life. Wealthy, safe, and peaceful people were the King Saccadiningrat’s ideal.
“My dear queen, is there any of my people still living in poverty?” one evening, when they sky was in its reddish orange color, the king asked his queen when they were bantering back and forth.
Lombang Beach is one of the finest tourist destinations in East Java. It is located in the Regency of Sumenep. Many domestic and foreign tourists visit the the place. The beach is famous with its clean white sand and a forest of cemara udang ‘horsetail casuarina’ (Casuarina equisetifolia) trees, a rare species of pine tree in the world. Everyone will want to revisit this place to enjoy its beautiful scenery. Lombang Beach is located about 26 km north of Sumenep’s center. A public transportation or private vehicle can be used to reach the beach. We can travel through the main road from Batang-Batang District to the north, and then Legung Market to the east. We can also go through Batang-Batang Village to the east and then take turn to the north.